Medical Research

Can CBD Help with Restless Leg Syndrome?

Written by Shawn Tucker

According to Mayo Clinic, restless leg syndrome (RLS) is the uncontrollable need to move your legs, usually caused by inactivity. Also known as Willis-Ekbom disease, it typically happens in the evenings, often while sleeping. RLS is also associated with another condition called periodic limb movement of sleep (PLMS). This is the involuntary moving or twitching of the legs, usually while asleep.

RLS and PLMS negatively impact the quality of sleep by disturbing the sleep-wake cycle. It can also impact the amount of REM (rapid-eye-movement) sleep. REM sleep is key to being well-rested and is part of the sleep cycle when the brain is regenerating neurotransmitters.

CBD and Sleep

CB1 receptors of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) may have an impact on different aspects of the sleep cycle and our ability to fall asleep. Since there are different ways that THC and CBD interact with the ECS, the information on how cannabis impacts our sleep is variable. Previous studies looked at the impacts of THC on sleep, and there are limited studies on the impact of CBD on sleep. Studies on other cannabinoids (such as CBG, CBC, THCa, THCV) and sleep are non-existent. CBN was touted as a sleep aid by certain cannabis companies but there is currently insufficient evidence to support that theory. [4]

CBD is being marketed as a sleep aid. Limited studies support this.Research has shown that CBD may help increase total sleep as well as speed up how long it takes to fall asleep and get into REM. [1]

As it relates to RLS, some studies found complete remission of RLS by cannabis consumers, however, this was not specific to CBD. [1] Another study revealed that 60 percent of subjects reported an improvement in sleep-related medical conditions, including RLS, from medical cannabis; once again, not just CBD. [2]

 

More Research Required

At this point, most studies are providing differing results due to whether or not CBD is beneficial for sleep or increases wakefulness. [3] This is largely due to the fact that these studies are not controlling the type of CBD being consumed. Cannabis comes in various cultivars, and the cultivar producing the CBD certainly impacts the effect it has on sleep.

Since every individual’s ECS is unique, how one person reacts to specific cannabinoids and the ability to fall asleep is often different from the next person. There are also impacts based on cultivars consumed and the types of terpenes present that can impact sleep quality, anxiety, and sleep disorders such as RLS. More research needs to be done to assess the impacts of CBD on sleep and sleep-related issues like RLS and PLMS.

 

References:

[1] Kaul, M., Zee, P.C. & Sahni, A.S. Effects of Cannabinoids on Sleep and their Therapeutic Potential for Sleep Disorders. Neurotherapeutics 2021:18, 217–227. Doi: 10.1007/s13311-021-01013-w. Times cited=8. Journal Impact Factor=7.62.

[2] Cahill S.P., Et al. Evaluation of Patient Reported Safety and Efficacy of Cannabis From a Survey of Medical Cannabis Patients in Canada. Front Public Health. 2021: May 20;9:626853. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2021.626853. Times cited=3. Journal Impact Factor=3.02

[3] Moltke, J., Hindocha, C. Reasons for cannabidiol use: a cross-sectional study of CBD users, focusing on self-perceived stress, anxiety, and sleep problems. Journal of Cannabis Research 2021: 3, 5. Doi: 10.1186/s42238-021-00061-5. Times cited=17. Journal impact factor=5.800

[4] Corroon J. Cannabinol and Sleep: Separating Fact from Fiction. Cannabis Cannabinoid Res. 2021 Oct;6(5):366-371. doi: 10.1089/can.2021.0006. Epub 2021 Aug 31. PMID: 34468204; PMCID: PMC8612407.

About the author

Shawn Tucker

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